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Commonly called the Calton Declaration 


SRSM Declaration of Aims and Principles

(Commonly called the Calton Declaration)

We who make (or afterwards subscribe) and adhere to this Declaration are members of the Scottish Republican Socialist Movement (SRSM). Our movement’s Constitution is contained in two documents of equal status, force and effect: the Articles of Association and this Declaration. Our Movement’s name proclaims its goal: the coming Scottish Socialist Republic. Many share our aspiration but the ambition of the SRSM is to deserve Citizenship of that Republic by striving to bring it into existence. We declare:-

1. The Movement’s Object is indivisible and non-negotiable; the historic mission of the SRSM shall be complete only when the Socialist Republic is securely established.

2). Until the achievement of National Independence (without which there can be neither Republic nor Socialism) the chief work of the SRSM shall be to engage in the struggle for National Liberation. The right of Oppressed Nations to Self-Determination is, for us, a matter not of tactical convenience, but of fundamental Socialist principle. Holding that Right to be inalienable, inextinguishable and of universal application, we invoke it on behalf of our Oppressed Nation – once Scotland, `first nation of Europe’: now North Britain, Colony of a Colony.

The SRSM welcomes the Scottish Parliament as a first step to National Freedom. However, Home Rule per se it regards as a snare and a delusion. The SRSM respectfully urges upon all its fellow citizens the only real remedy – unilateral repeal of the Union and the resumption of national independence. Our slogan: REVOLUTION NOT DEVOLUTION!

3. Convinced that the keys to Scotland’s freedom and future are not to be found there: the SRSM turns its back on the Palace of Westminster. If the movement contests Parliamentary Elections, its successful candidates will sit only in a Scottish Parliament, where they will swear allegiance to none other than Scotland’s rightful sovereign, the Scottish People.

4. Any and all such SRSM parliamentary representatives will follow the excellent example set by the Scottish Socialist Party’s first MSP in refusing to live on more than the average pay of a skilled worker.

5. Nuclear Weapons, Nuclear Waste and the industry which makes the one and excretes the other are all alike, useless and dangerous to the Scottish People. Existing weapons and Industry, the SRSM can and must oppose. New weapons, bases and installations, it can and must resist. The Dumping of Nuclear Waste it can and must help to prevent.

The SRSM Demands: that existing waste be on no account transported anywhere but instead be stored above ground at the point of production, and constantly monitored until science provides a truly safe and universally acceptable method of disposal. The SRSM takes its stand with those who will not suffer the dumping of any grade of nuclear material in or under any part of Scotland’s National Territory (including territorial sea, sea-bed and Islands) nor anywhere sufficiently near to endanger Scotland’s population, resources and environment. To expose a country, against its will and interest, too many thousands of years of danger (500,000 in the case of high grade waste) can scarcely be construed as a friendly act. If, then, we regard those who plot such things in secret, as Enemies not of Scotland alone but of the Human Race, they must not affect surprise. The temporary unpopularity of an ‘innocent’ geologist cannot weigh against permanent death of a Land and People.

6. Scottish Republican Socialists:

i) will never deny to others that which they seek for themselves.

ii) rejecting the infantile ethnocentrism of the `British ‘Left: do not equate Internationalism with anti-Nationalism – still less with the subjection of the Celtic Peoples to rule from London.

iii) believing on the contrary, that true Internationalism can only begin at home: regard the first duty of an Internationalist as being to make the Revolution in his or her own country, or, since the Cause is always and everywhere the same, in the country of residence or exile and that the first duty of citizens of an Oppressor Nation is to be `democrats for the Oppressed Nation’.

iv) DEMAND: that “Scotland the Brave” be brave no longer in the wars of others, along with other native levies, against those with whom she has no quarrel and in particular that “Ireland’s Tragedy” shall cease to be “Scotland’s Disgrace”. Our Slogan: BRITAIN OUT OF IRELAND! SCOTLAND OUT OF BRITAIN!

v) holding it to be still true that the major contradiction of our age is that between Imperialism and the Peoples of the whole World: maintain unshakeable solidarity with our brothers and sisters who in every land struggle for National Liberation, Socialism and the Emancipation of all Humanity.

vi) anticipating the victories of tomorrow, look forward to a long era of harmonious co-operation between our Republic and (among many others) a Welsh Socialist Republic and a 32 County Irish Socialist Republic, and will support the national aspirations of the Basque, Breton, Cornish and Corsican peoples.

vii) assuming as Members of a Socialist and Internationalist Movement, our part in and our obligations to the World Wide Movement of the Peoples for Socialism and against Imperialism and War: consider the chief of those obligations to be that of rescuing our Country from the two Imperialisms which imprison and make of her a threat to World Peace.

7. The SRSM, fighting for a just, humane and civilised Society: abhors racism, Fascism and religious sectarianism and shall combat every manifestation of those evils, to the utmost of its strength.

8. The SRSM, similarly: rejects every variety of Unionism/Loyalism (including the infamous `Two Nations Theory’) and trusts that the inherent contradictions of this nauseous creed will lead soon to its destruction. The SRSM denies the right of Unionists to solve their identity crisis at the expense of the Scottish Nation. The SRSM opposes the Unionism and British Nationalism of British Socialist organisations.

9. Every aspect of Scottish life and politics is bedevilled by the National Question. Until it is solved no other `question’ can be. Yet the National Question is at root an International Question. Though prevented from defending her National interests (by those who deny she has any), captive Scotland is deployed rather than defended by the imperialist NATO Alliance. To nuclear powers defence consists of the ability to attack. Scotland is not fortress but threat. Because most threatening she is most vulnerable. Her people face the certainty of obliteration in any all-out war.


A) demands real Independence and will not rest satisfied with `the continuation of the UK by other means’


B) rejects with contempt any `solution’ which makes Scotland a voluntary instead of conscript member of NATO – or of her people a `consenting’ instead of voiceless, sacrifice.


C) will resist any attempt to substitute American for British rule over Scotland.


10. The SRSM proposes that Free Scotland:


1) should leave the NATO Alliance and remove any remaining nuclear weapons, and all imperialist troops, bases, store, installations, warships, military aviation etc., from the National Territory.


2) Should pursue policies of Strict Neutrality and Non-Alignment.


3) Should be driven from such a position into other military alliances only by `destabilisation’ on the part of former allies and rulers, of such intensity as to seriously threaten her sovereignty, integrity and survival.


4) Should be defended by democratically controlled armed forces, capable of protecting National interests and which, relying on conventional weapons, constitute no threat to anyone, save an invader.


5) Should, on becoming a Socialist Republic, rely for her defence, primarily upon a Militia drawn from the broad popular masses.


“All Hail the Scottish Workers Republic!”

11. We are agreed:-


1) That Socialism, often abandoned and betrayed, has not failed.


2) that it remains the highest and best form of social organisation for the World, Country and time in which we live.


3) that the society we envisage will have a Planned Economy, based on Common Ownership for the benefits of all.


4) that this Common Ownership shall extend to the ‘means of Production, Distribution, Control and Exchange’- and, most necessary to Scotland, Land and Natural Resources.


5) that the corresponding form of political organisation of such a Society can only be a Republic.


6) that to call our State anything else would, at this stage in history, be to insult human intelligence, rationality, self-respect and dignity, as well as the radical traditions of Scotland.


7) that the SRSM will accept no form of Socialism until the Republic is declared and will accept no form of Socialism except Republican Socialism.


8) that the Socialism we advocate is neither, as opponents allege, impossibly idealist- doomed to defeat by ‘corrupt’ human nature nor inhumanely tyrannous.


9) that true Socialism ‘has a human face’; what is inhuman is not socialist.


10) that Socialism comes not to destroy Democracy but to make it real.


11) that the only ‘liberty’ to disappear under Socialism is the liberty to exploit others; all other Human, Civil and Democratic Rights, shall, in our Republic, be vastly extended and guaranteed. It is inconceivable that a secular, civilised and democratic Socialist Republic which we advocate would not have a written Constitution and Bill of Rights which was at least worth the paper it was written on and extendable by referendum.

12) that Socialism concerned only with the Workers of the ‘Central Belt’ would assuredly fail; our Republic must serve the people of every part of Scotland with equally passionate and effective commitment.


13) that the Republic must end the curse of landlordism forever.


14) that the Republic must encourage a great renaissance of the Scottish culture.


15) that the Republic (and before that the Republican movement) must do everything to defend that culture’s most precious jewel, the Gaelic language. We will also support the cultural and legal recognition of the Scots Language.


16)  that only a Socialist Republic could carry through the revolutionary transformation of every aspect of Scottish life which is so urgently necessary and build, on the basis of a Socialist Economy, a new civilisation as brilliant as it is truly human.


17) that recognising the difficulties involved, the Socialist Republican will be prepared to take all steps necessary to defend the Revolution.


18) that “SCOTLAND FREE OR A DESERT!” is prophecy not threat; the alternative to what we propose does not bear contemplation.


12.) Until the coming of the Republic, our Movement must be:


i) Guardian of Scottish Republican Socialist Principles but, beyond essentials, undogmatic.


ii) a ‘broad kirk’ – open to all who support in word and deed this Declaration – but not a cult, or the property of a sect or individual.


iii) single-minded as to its objective, but flexible as to its route.


iv) internally democratic but united in action.



We therefore pick up Socialism’s Red Banner (so contemptuously discarded by others) attach it to the Flag of our Nation – as in Scotland’s once and future Marine Ensign and adorn it with the Crinan Knot, symbol of the coming Republic, calling on the Youth of Scotland to rally to it and inviting all to follow who love Socialism, Liberty and Scotland.





(Together with the Declaration of Aims & Principles this document comprises the SRSM Constitution)




(ET) Article 1 The name of our association is, and shall be: The Scottish Republican Socialist Movement (SRSM).


(ET) Art.2. The object of the SRSM is, and shall be: the secure establishment of the coming Scottish Socialist Republic.


(ET) Art.3. Membership of the SRSM shall be open to those whose objective is the Scottish Socialist Republic.


(ET) Art.4. Only the SRSM Ard Fheis may undertake, renew and terminate the Movement’s external affiliations.




Art.5. Following the achievement of independence, democratically selected administrators and representatives shall be properly elected to contest seats and present our policies to the Scottish people in Parliament.


The SRSM will henceforth be designated the Scottish Republican Socialist Party (SRSP).


Art.6. Every Commun of the SRSM may at its discretion admit persons qualified, in terms of these Articles, as Members and Associate Members of the Movement.


Art.7. Each candidate for Membership shall: (a) be 16 years of age or upwards and (b) have successfully completed a probationary period of three months as an Associate Member.


Art.8. Those only may become and remain Members who: profess agreement with and continue to adhere to the Declaration, act conformably to these Articles, pay the appropriate subscription and maintain a level and quality of behaviour and political activity acceptable to the Movement.


Art.9. Persons otherwise qualified who work with the SRSM in an Ancillary Organisation or other relevant area of activity but who are prevented by circumstance from undertaking the full obligations of Membership, may become Associate Members.


Art.10. Only the Ard Fheis of the SRSM may re-admit former members.


Art.11. Every Member shall belong, and every Associate Member – whether or not in an Ancillary Organisation – be attached to, one – and only one – SRSM Commun.


III An Commun


Art.12. The base unit of Movement organisation is and shall be the Commun.


Art.13. A Commun shall normally consist of all the Members and Associate Members in a particular locality.


Art.14. Exceptionally, the Ard Fheis may approve a non-territorial basis of organisation.


Art.15. Except as provided in these Articles, each Commun shall be democratically self-governing and autonomous within its own sphere of operation.


Art.16. The Constitution, Standing Orders and actions of each Commun shall be in conformity with these Articles.


Art.17. It shall be the duty of a Commun to act in accordance with – and to strive to implement, the Declaration and Policies of the SRSM.


Art.18. Each Commun shall: preserve the unity of the SRSM and maintain a level and quality of political activity, financial commitment and fraternal co-operation acceptable to the Movement.


Art.19. It shall be competent for a Commun to establish within its jurisdiction, Organisations of (a) The Young Scottish Republicans and (b) Musicians and Marching Bands – and to require that all the Members thereof qualify as and become, at the least, Associate Members of the SRSM.


IV Ard Fheis


Art.20. The supreme governing body of the SRSM is –and shall be The Ard Fheis.


Art.21. Until, in the opinion of 51% of the registered membership, the Movement is of size which necessitates its governing body being a delegate conference; the Ard Fheis shall comprise the entire Movement Membership.


Art.22. The Ard Fheis shall have sole authority to determine SRSM Policy.


Art.23. The Ard Fheis shall be the final court of appeal within the SRSM, in all matters.


Art.24. The Ard Fheis shall set the Annual Subscription and approve, amend or reject all National Budgets and scrutinise, approve or reject the National Accounts.


Art.25. No Parliamentary Election may be contested and no arrangement with any political party be entered into or concluded without the consent of the Ard Fheis.


Art.26. The Ard Fheis shall elect, instruct, control, remove and replace from amongst its own number. The Ard Comhairle and all other the National Officers and Committees whatsoever, of the SRSM.


V Ard Comhairle


Art.27. In the intervals between the sessions and subject to the decisions of the Ard Fheis, the affairs of the SRSM at National level shall be entrusted to the Ard Comhairle.


Art.28. The Ard Comhairle shall consist of the National Officers and the Standing Committee, which is to say 10 members in all.


Art.29. The function of the Ard Comhairle shall be to implement the decisions of the Ard Fheis and to lead, inspire and direct the whole work of the Movement.


Art.30. In the intervals between the meetings and subject to the decisions of the Ard Comhairle, the day to day management of the Movement’s affairs shall devolve upon the National Officers.


Art.31. The National Officers of the SRSM shall be The National Convenor, 2 Vice-Convenors, Secretary, Treasurer, Organiser, Secretary for Foreign Affairs and Editor of ‘Scottish Workers Republic’.


Art.32. The remaining 2 members of the Ard Comhairle shall, together with the National Vice-Convenors, constitute the Standing Committee of the SRSM.


Art.33. The Standing Committee shall make all arrangements including the preparation of the draft Agenda for meetings of the Ard Fheis and Ard Comhairle and the Election of National Officers.


Art.34. The Standing Committee shall hear and determine, in accordance with the Rules of Natural Justice and these Articles all Disciplinary Cases, Disputes and Appeals referred to it.


Art.35. All 4 members of the Standing Committee shall receive intimation of the existence of all such matters but at the hearing any 3 of the 4 shall serve as Standing Committee.


Art.36. Members of the Standing Committee shall advise upon and assist in the formation of each new Commun, enquire into any matter and do any other act or thing consonant with these Articles and the Declaration which the Ard Fheis or Ard Comhairle may properly request of them.


Art.37. Each Commun shall send to each regular scheduled meeting of the Ard Comhairle a non-voting delegate not being a member of the Ard Comhairle and the Ard Comhairle shall send to each regular scheduled meeting of a Commun a non-voting delegate not being a member of the Commun. Delegates shall represent the views of, and report back to, the sending body.




Art.38. There shall be an Honorary President and may be Honorary Vice-Presidents and Honorary Members, of the SRSM, elected by the Ard Fheis.


(ET) Art.39. There shall be free speech and ease of mind in all councils of the SRSM save only that, if any person shall at any time propose to amend the first of these Articles or otherwise change the name of our Movement:- (a) such person shall cease automatically to be a Member or Associate Member and (b) no such proposal shall be entertained.


(ET) Art.40. The SRSM may, for good and sufficient cause proved to the satisfaction of a fair and impartial enquiry, conducted according to the Rules of Natural Justice, certified by democratic vote and subject to the right of Appeal to the Ard Fheis:- censure, suspend or expel any Member or Associate Member and dissolve any Commun or Ancillary Organisation.


(ET) Art.41. The Ard Fheis – which must meet at least annually (and shall meet specially upon requisition of the Ard Comhairle, Standing Committee or any 2 Commun or 30 Members) shall approve, amend and renew the General Standing Orders of the Movement. These Orders shall prescribe uniform democratic procedures for the implementation of these Articles and shall be circulated throughout the Movement.


(ET) Art.42. Articles other than ’entrenched’ Articles may be amended by simple majority of the Members present and voting at an Ard Fheis, provided that the intention to amend has been advertised.


Articles 1,2,3,4,39,40,41 and the present Article 42 (marked ET) may never be amended.


The Calton Declaration and Articles of Association-

Adopted by the SRSP Ard Fheis, Saturday 14th November 1987

Amended and re-issued by the SRSP Ard Fheis Saturday November 25 1989

Adopted by the SRSM Ard Fheis, 1999

Amended and re-issued by SRSM Ard Fheis, January 11 2004

Amended and re-issued by SRSM Ard Fheis, November 23 2013